Not everyone have in-built administrative skills for effective classroom management and for a teacher, the inability to properly manage the class can increase stress and burn-out. Children are from different homes and backgrounds and added to that; is the child’s unique personality.
Having all these personality together in a class at once with a common goal can become quite challenging. But all it really takes most times; is an effective classroom management approach.
The Teacher and personal development
A 2019 report indicates that teachers overwhelmingly report a lack of professional development support in improving effective classroom management.
But the teacher is at the liberty of implementing effective classroom strategies themselves, which just makes it the more ideal and effective as “who knows the students better than their teachers”. To help in the quest for proper classroom management, engage these 7 approaches. These approaches should get you started:
Effective Classroom Management Tips
1. Be the ideal model
The best way to get children to act right is to act right yourself! They learn faster and better by what they see you do. You want to get them to be more polite by their words and actions, let them see you relate that way with them and other colleagues at work. To build confidence in them; tell them to maintain eye contact while talking and let them see you do the same with them when you communicate.
While they respond in class, do not interrupt till they get their message across; explain to them the need for this and why they should emulate such. Correct them in a respectful manner and encourage that they relate with themselves the same way. Many studies show that modelling effectively teaches students how to act in different situations.
2. Partner with students to establish guidelines
Nobody really likes been told what to do and what not; all the time. Everyone wants to be able to contribute and know that their views are appreciated; so also does the young ones and this actually helps children become responsible and accountable.
Discuss with your students and ask them for what they think are permissible behaviours in the class; let them also help set penalties for defaulting class-rules. Help them understand your expectations from the class. Let them give ideas on how they think it can be achieved. Listen to them and modify their ideas so it becomes a win-win for you and them. Appoint class administrators that would ensure the rules are kept and report defaulters.
3. Adopt peer teaching
Still in the act of responsibility and accountability, engage peer teaching. Let your students feel responsible for one another’s development. Let them be able to teach others that are lacking behind in a particular subject or topic.
Pairing students together as reading buddies, can help improve interpersonal skill and low confidence as students will easily open up to their peers most times and they can both come up with a solution that works between themselves . A later study of at-risk students echoes these advantages.
4. Address improper behaviours immediately
Research shows that punishing students in front of peers has “limited value”. You must however not hesitate to discipline a student who disobey class rules but this can be done privately. Failure to act, will only result in consistent bad behaviours and fester negative feelings. Also you don’t want to portray a weak and incapable hands to the students; as any perceived view of weakness in the teacher from the students can lead to exploitations by them.
5. Positive Re-inforcements
As much as punishing students for negative behaviours is necessary, so also is giving rewards much more important as another motivational and behavior-reinforcement technique. A student should best be rebuked privately, but rewards should be given openly; and the reason for such reward made known to the rest of the class for a better performance from others too. Device different and exciting ways of rewarding responsive and well-behaved students in the class. This can motivate other to do better.
6. Assign open-ended projects
To help students demonstrate knowledge in ways that inherently suit them, give them open-ended projects- projects that don’t demand a specific product. Come up with a list of project ideas and let them choose; you could even put them in groups.
Set the expectation(s) for the project and let the students know the set expectations. Let them as well work at their own pace. This will help to also bring out the creativity in them and you just might learn some new talent specific to that student that doesn’t do too well in math or reading. You can also learn how you can best engage such students.
7. Adopt Edtech in your content
Advance in technology has made learning more interesting, engaging and fun. There are so many adaptive learning principled games and platforms to help detect a student’s skill deficits, with content to help overcome them use to. Use educational technology that adapts to students needs and stimulate their interest through pictures and charts.