It not only matters what we learn but also ‘How’ we learn and process information. This is directly and greatly influenced by psychology and has become a key subject of interest for psychologists in the education field. We will examine the role of psychology in education in more details as we progress.
Psychology is very much active in what we do on a daily basis, and this is especially true for learners. Psychologists working in the field of education study how people learn and retain knowledge. They apply psychological science to improve the learning process and promote educational success for all learners.
What is Psychology?
Psychology is a science concerned with the search for the behavior of the individual and his character and study of his sentimental or unconscious behavior in order to achieve interaction and adaptation to the surrounding environment.
How does it relate to Education?
The role of Psychology in education is that it helps determine the appropriate methods and solutions that help the educational process to achieve its goals and modify them as well as guide them in a practical direction to serve their interests.
Educational psychology is the study and interpretation of the behavior of an individual and analysis in educational places; to ensure a proper understanding of the process of learning and education.
It examines the behavior of the learner within the classroom, as well as provides teachers with information, principles and important theoretical and practical experiences to understand the way of learning and education, and increase their level and skills.
Major Perspectives in Educational Psychology
These perspectives focus on specific factors that influence how a person learns, including learned behaviors, cognition, experiences, and more.
The Behavioral Perspective
This perspective suggests that all behaviors are learned through conditioning. Psychologists who take this perspective rely firmly on the principles of operant conditioning to explain how learning happens.
For example, teachers might reward learning by giving students tokens that can be exchanged for desirable items such as candy or toys. The behavioral perspective operates on the theory that students will learn when rewarded for “good” behavior and punished for “bad” behavior.
The Developmental Perspective
This focuses on how children acquire new skills and knowledge as they develop. Jean Piaget’s famous stages of cognitive development are one example of an important developmental theory looking at how children grow intellectually.
By understanding how children think at different stages of development, educational psychologists can better understand what children are capable of at each point of their growth. This can help educators create instructional methods and materials best aimed at certain age groups.
The Cognitive Perspective
The cognitive approach has become much more widespread in recent decades, mainly because it accounts for how things such as memories, beliefs, emotions, and motivations contribute to the learning process.
This theory supports the idea that a person learns as a result of their own motivation, not as a result of external rewards. Cognitive psychology aims to understand how people think, learn, remember, and process information.
This perspective emphasizes that a person’s own life experiences influence how they understand new information. This method is similar to cognitive perspectives in that it takes into consideration the experiences, thoughts, and feelings of the learner.
It allows someone to find personal meaning in what they learn instead of feeling that the information doesn’t apply to them.
Why the need for Educational Psychology?
Learning involves a complex process demanding from a successful teacher, the need for continuous integration and constant development of his educational skills and teaching methods to suit general and specific educational goals.
The importance and role of psychology in the education sector are shown through the placement of psychological tests and educational achievement in different stages. Mespire’s educators training for June 2021 focuses on psychology of teaching and learning to understand the learner and unleash the genius within.
The Role of Psychology in Education
- To study the social, emotional and cognitive processes involved in learning and apply their findings to improve the learning process. Some specialize in the educational development of a specific group of people such as children, adolescents or adults, while others focus on specific learning challenges such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or dyslexia.
- To enrich the teacher with the basic laws and fundamental theories that explain the educational process and control it, in order to apply them scientifically and objectively in the school environment and classroom.
- Provide the teacher with the skills of scientific description, and the theoretical understanding of the educational process, through the achievement of the objectives of general educational psychology and its components, and predict the outputs, and try to control.
- Instruct the teaching staff to take advantage of the relevant psychological theories in the process of growth, and developmental characteristics that follow the age stages. In addition to studying the motives of learning, mental skills, intelligence, thinking, remembering and problem-solving, to understand the mechanism of learning and teaching.
Factors That Affect The Success or Failure of The Educational Process and The Achievement of its Objectives.
- Methods and strategies of learning and suitability for the categories of students.
- Their sensitivity to individual differences.
- The student’s personality.
- Social circumstances.
- Level of mental and cognitive maturity.
- The amount of motivation for the learning process.
- The general and emotional atmosphere of the classroom
Educational psychology offers strategies and methods that will help the teacher to understand the student’s psychology, through the development of educational curricula in light of the students’ abilities and aptitudes so that students are not overloaded.
Apart from research on students’ motivation for the learning process, research the psychological problems faced by the student at various age levels and employ the students to reach the stage of acceptance and positive dialogue, and thus achieve the success of the educational process.
Mespire’s The psychology of teaching and learning (A performance-oriented approach) will open you up to in-depth and practical knowledge and understanding of the role of psychology in education i.e. in teaching and learning process.